The Verb “To Be”

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  • When we talk about location: in California, from Brazil, at home, in the park, etc.
  • When we talk about professions: she is a teacher. He is a doctor. They are police officers.
  • Nationalities: German, Russian, American, etc.
  • When we talk about the age: I am twenty years old. My wife is 39 years old.
  • To describe marital status: single, married, divorced, widow, widower.
  • Finally we use to be with adjectives to describe physical or emotional states: to be hungry, angry,
  • upset, happy, sad, afraid, etc.

A. Affirmative sentences:

 I  am  old.
 You< *

* “You are” is used for both singular and plural.

B. Affirmative with contractions:

I’m  old.

C. Negative Sentences:

 I  am  not  old.

D. Negative sentences with contractions:

 I’m  not  old.

E. Negative sentences with the contracted form of the verb.

 I  am not  old.
 You *

F. Questions:

 Am  I  old?
 Is  he
 Are  you *

  • I am a pilot.
  • I am in the classroom.
  • She is happy.
  • They are hungry.
  • My brother is ten years old.
  • My sister is single.
  • It is cold.
  • My dog is small.
  • The sun is yellow.
  • The moon is white.
  • The water is cold.
  • The field is green.

If you want to make a question using the verb “to be” you just have to move Am – Is – Are at the beginning of the sentence.

Statement He is a good teacher.
Question: Is he a good teacher?
Affirmative Answer: Yes, he is a good teacher.
Negative Answer: No, he is not a good teacher.
Statement: The dogs are in the park.
Question: Are the dogs in the park?
Affirmative Answer: Yes, the dogs are in the park.
Negative Answer: No, the dogs are not in the park.
Statement: I am a student.
Question: Am I a student?
Affirmative Answer: Yes, you are a student.
Negative Answer: No, you are not a student.
Statement: We are in the classroom.
Question: Are we in the classroom?
Affirmative Answer: Yes, you are in the classroom.
Negative Answer: No, you are not in the classroom.
Statement: She is a good student.
Question: Is she a good student?
Affirmative Answer: Yes, she is a good student.
Negative Answer: No, she is not a good student.
Statement: It is a good movie.
Question: Is it a good movie?
Affirmative Answer: Yes, it is a good movie.
Negative Answer: No, it is not a good movie.



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